Chinese investments in overseas properties are still active but are having to overcome some new capital challenges, according to legal experts involved in two recent deals.
SRE Group, a Chinese integrated real estate developer, acquired 75 Howard, a luxury residential tower at 75 Howard St in San Francisco. In the UK, Chinese Estates Holding, a Hong Kong-listed property developer, acquired 11-12 St James’s Square in London for £174.9 million (US$227.8 million).
When Chinese investors plan to invest in American and British real estate at the moment, the impacts of China’s restriction on capital outflows cannot be overlooked, said the legal experts.
“We will continue to see significant outbound investment into the US in the medium to long term, but this may slow in the short term as deal fluidity is affected by China’s restrictions on capital outflows,” Paul Guan, a real estate partner in the Hong Kong office of Paul Hastings, told China Business Law Journal.
David Hamsher, a partner in the global real estate practice of Paul Hastings in San Francisco, added: “The somewhat opaque approval process adds potential uncertainty to the Chinese investor’s ability to expatriate the capital necessary to close, and may lead some sellers to look to alternative buyers who may have a greater ability to secure such funds.”
Paul Hastings represented SRE Group in its purchase of 75 Howard. The firm’s team was led by David Hamsher, Paul Guan and Hong Kong real estate partner David Blumenfeld.
In the UK, the active Chinese property investors have been primarily high net worth individuals (HNWIs), family offices, Hong Kong-listed companies (which are often controlled by families), mainland Chinese developers, and state-owned enterprises (such as Chinese insurance companies), Chris Harvey, a partner in Mayer Brown’s London office and head of UK real estate, told China Business Law Journal.
“The trend in the past 12 months has been that the majority of the deals have been carried out by private organizations and individuals rather than state-owned,” he said. “That’s partly a by-product of Chinese capital controls on outbound investment.”
According to Harvey, what concerns the UK sellers the most is whether the Chinese buyers can get their money out of China. “The majority of the purchasers have been based in Hong Kong and they are not under the Chinese controls.”
Harvey said that after Brexit there had been many opportunistic, primarily Hong Kong-based buyers who had taken advantage of the significant devaluation of the British pound, which made assets and properties up to 20% cheaper for Chinese buyers.
“The majority of recent deals for Hong Kong and Chinese clients have been focused on London” he said. “Chinese buyers are looking for distressed opportunities and lower prices after Brexit.” However, Harvey said that in Central London’s prime areas there were very few deals that were distressed. “If Chinese investors buy prime properties in London, they will have currency benefits – i.e., devaluation of the pound – but prices have been relatively resilient,” he said. “The majority of the buyers for prime Central London properties have been Chinese and there is an irony that Chinese buyers compete against each other for the assets here.”
Harvey said the types of properties favoured depended on the type of investor. HNWIs tended to favour luxury retail shops in prime West End streets, such as Oxford Street and Bond Street. Listed companies focused more on central London offices. Developers such as R&F Properties and Greenland Group looked for residential development sites. “There has been some investment out of London, maybe in Manchester, but 95% or maybe more has been focused on Central London,” he said.
In the US, “investors will be looking at deals that provide solid long-term returns, potentially in second-tier cities”, said Guan. Hamsher added that “demand for high-quality, well located development projects and operating properties in San Francisco and other gateway US cities remains strong across product types.”